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Many of the episodes in earlier chapters preceded the end of World War II, thus leading to ambiguity over whether concerns about the threat of Communism predated the Cold War or whether alternatively, the start of the Cold War should really be traced back to American concerns about Communism dating at least as far as the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Yet what is striking about the conflicts that Hartman describes is the diversity of sources and stakeholders involved. The conservative opponents he describes were by no means monolithic. The one constant seems to be the legacy of Dewey and his epigone progressive educators as wimps.
The conservative opponents included not only rabid anti-Communists and Southern segregationists but also elite liberal upholders of universal intellectual standards, such as Hutchins and Hofstadter. And I found it informative to learn of figures in these debates previously unfamiliar to me, such as Bestor and Brameld. American liberalism and progressive education could only serve one master: U.
Although the Cold War features as the centerpiece of the book, as I have already noted above, a good deal and perhaps even the majority of the developments he describes took place prior to the end of the Second World War, many of them even prior to the Great Depression. Moreover, if one places the end of the Cold War at the demise of the Soviet Union in , there is roughly a quarter of a century that receives no treatment since the book ends its coverage in the mids.
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Intellectual History Blog that Hartman's account does not consider how the dour, buttoned-down s segued into the radicalism and ferment of the s. If conservative forces in education so decisively squelched progressive and liberal forces in education by the early s, how did we get the flower children of the later s? Hartman also suggested that the remnants of progressive education that survived easily morphed into the radicalism of the sixties.
He justifies his end point in the early s on the grounds that this was when Cold War issues dominated educational discussion compared with what happened subsequently as the counterculture came to the fore. Although Cold War issues surely featured prominently in educational debates throughout the long s, were they quite as dominant as Hartman makes them out to be? One aspect to which he gives little consideration is the role of religion in shaping educational discussion; Hartman acknowledges this in the U. Intellectual History Blog forum on his book and recognizes, in particular, the role of Catholic anti-Communism in shaping support for Catholic schools independent of public schools.
One also wonders about international issues other than those involving direct conflict between Cold War powers. While the Cold War was surely a major presence in these other international aspects, they may well have had influences of their own in shaping the teaching of social studies and anthropology in schools. And this material on the earlier period is admittedly important for providing context and an understanding of Cold War discussions.
However, does he provide a balanced account of this earlier period on its own terms? Viewing the Cold War as key impetus and turning point does bring out some suggestive insights; I found this was the case with setting the implications of debates about racial integration and the aftermath of Brown v. Board of Education in international perspective.
Yet I am not sure it does justice to such educators as Hutchins or Hofstadter to see their contributions primarily in the context of Cold War politics. The focus on intellectual writing about education results in shifting perspectives and a degree of reification about education and schooling in the coverage. Buckley, Hutchins, Kirk, and Weaver, would probably be seen by most as concerned with either higher education or with culture in general rather than with the primary and secondary school.
Moreover, Hartman gives more attention to secondary education than to primary schools. On net, it is hard to get much sense of what was influencing the actual day-to-day work of school superintendents and principals, not to mention teachers at the chalk face, as they went about their business. Some general developments in education do get consideration, such as the rise of high school attendance and the black migration out of the South, while others, such as the shifting role of gender or the emergence of junior high schools and middle schools, get little attention.
This book is largely synthetic drawn quite heavily with due acknowledgment from the previous historiography. Hartman does make some use of archival material from the papers and publications of key educators involved. Archival film combines with re-enactments to recreate the history of the mankind's first-time use of an atomic weapon. A thought-provoking documentary examines both sides of the debate over Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan.
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Peter Jennings explores the decision to drop the atomic bomb by examining the decision-making process used by the Truman administration. Alexander Vorontsov's First Ukrainian Front actual footage of the liberation of Auschwitz and description of his feelings when he and his comrades uncovered the horrors of this infamous concentration camp. An Academy Award winner and narrated by Morgan Freeman, Holocaust survivors relate their stories of surviving life in a camp.
DVD 37 min. Inspiring and absorbing story of the Tuskegee Airmen whose skill, determination and bravery provided air cover for bombing missions; yet, they faced bigotry and discrimination in post-war America. A high school student learns about life on the home front by interviewing an older citizen. Narrated by Roger Mudd, the background of the plan to rebuild Europe's war-torn countries is told through the use of photos, newsreels and personal interviews.
German citizens talk frankly about the initial appeal of Nazism and German Jews recall their persecution and internment in Hitler's concentration camps. The story of the "Tuskegee experiment," designed to support the military's assertion that African-Americans were innately unsuited to be officers or pilots during WWII. Part I-traces the rise of the Japan's militaristic government; Part II-original film footage and survivor's stories detail the strike on the U. Dorinda Makanaonalani, author of "Pearl Harbor Child," interviews four military and civilian eyewitness survivors of the December 7th attack.
Tom Brokaw narrates for National Geographic the story of December 7, DVD 84 min. A documentary that tries to answer the question: why was America caught off-guard by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor? I and II. DVD-5 disc sets. The History Channel examines the methods used by both sides to keep citizens supportive of their government's war efforts. The bleak Allied situation of early is explored as military commanders begin planning for the crucial Sicilian invasion. An award-winning film looks at the design, production and testing of America's nuclear weapons. Army Air Corps, the nation's first African American combat pilots.
An engrossing "you are there" experience as the one-time UP war correspondent describes military campaigns with film footage and his personal recollections.
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Archival film footage pulled from declassified sources has been digitally restored allowing viewers to see the war as a GI did - in color. A history of the music and songs Americans enjoyed during the war years. The remembrances of four American soldiers and one of the women they liberated from a concentration camp are presented in this powerful documentary that was a Academy Award nominee. Korea examines the conflict and its aftermath from the invasion of June 25th, to the postwar political unrest, the exchange of POWs and the Koje prison camp riots.
Rare film footage from Chinese, Korean and Soviet archives combines with computer generated graphics to present a chronological explanation of the Korean War. The History Channel looks at the Berlin crisis as recalled by some of the American pilots who delivered supplies every three minutes to the blockaded city. Filmed inside the former Soviet Union, this award-winning documentary captures the political chaos that followed the death of Josef Stalin and the five-year rise to power of Khrushchev.
A CNN documentary covering the tensions between the U. The history of a war that cost the lives of over 54, Americans is retold through original film footage and the remembrances of veterans.
Education and the Cold War - The Battle for the American School | A. Hartman | Palgrave Macmillan
News film combines with the oral histories of Korean War veterans to explain American involvement in the Korean "police action. Color maps and interviews combine with archival film footage to help students understand the causes for the Korean conflict and the strained relationship between the President and the General. Intended for classroom use, this award-winning documentary comes with a study guide and discussion questions. A History Channel presentation that reveals the personalities, strategies and hidden stories of the first jet war and the first war in which the U.
DVD 60 min. Korean War veterans such as John Glenn, Ted Williams, and Willie Nelson share their personal stories, thoughts and feelings about the war and its cost. The paranoia of the Cold War era from the point of view of both the accusers and the accused is presented with film footage of the McCarthy hearings. Edited from the hours of network television footage, this classic documentary highlights the drama of the Army-McCarthy hearings without narration allowing viewers to analyze for themselves the impact of McCarthyism and the media's role in shaping public opinion.
A teaching guide is sent with the film. The background of the Vietnam War and the incident that led to the prosecution of an officer for his role in the massacre of unarmed Vietnamese civilians at My Lai is examined. A brief, yet very informative, explanation of how the former Yugoslavia came to be split into six Serbian dominated states.
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A teaching guide and map are provided. The stories of Emmett Tell, Medgar Evers, Jimmy Lee Jackson and others whose fate so shocked and outraged America that local, state and national governments were forced into action. A Frontline documentary detailing the combination of social, political and diplomatic failures that led to the deaths of more than , Rwandans. Risking his own life and that of his family, local hotel manager Paul Rusesabagena opens his hotel to twelve hundred Tutsis refugees who were facing torture and almost certain death.
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DVD 50 min. Former guards, executioners and survivors describe their experiences at the infamous Khmer Rogue prison known as S DVD 87 min. Archival film footage of the Nazi war criminals answering for their crimes against humanity to the major Allied powers.
Archival film, and expert commentaries and personal recollections explain the innovative legal system and courtroom strategies used by the Allies as they try the perpetrators of Nazi war crimes for crimes against humanity. A three-part documentary that traces the history of the Declaration of Human Rights, explains how human rights are defined and profiles the oppression inflicted by the government of Guatemala on its own citizens. The Civil Rights movement is told through the personal accounts of four women as they challenge the status quo in order to bring about social change.
Investigative Report's Bill Kurtis travels to the infamous Killing Fields of Cambodia to talk to witnesses, perpetrators and survivors to the torture and killing of between one and four million Cambodians. A profile of the dramatic hunt for Hitler's "Minister of Death" and his trial for the systematic extermination of some six million Jews.
Archival film footage shows the Nuremberg Trials, the trial of Lt. A nine-part series detailing the challenges - freedom, responsibility, participation, hard choices, information, opportunity, leverage, deliberation and common ground - that can confront any democracy. A Teacher's Guide is supplied. Writer and TV anchor, Charlane Hunter-Gault narrates this motivational piece designed to help students of color recognize that their cultural heritage is an asset they can use when planning for their future.
By observing an actual classroom, educators can see how to involve students in the decision-making process.
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