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Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. As a young man, Proust was a dilettante and a social climber whose aspirations as a writer were hampered by his lack of self-discipline. His reputation from this period, as a snob and an amateur, contributed to his later troubles with getting Swann's Way , the first part of his large-scale novel, published in Proust had a close relationship with his mother.
After exerting considerable effort, he obtained a sick leave that extended for several years until he was considered to have resigned. He never worked at his job, and he did not move from his parents' apartment until after both were dead. His life and family circle changed markedly between and In February , Proust's brother, Robert Proust , married and left the family home.http://new.urbanreef.com/davyn-how-to.php
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His father died in November of the same year. She left him a considerable inheritance.
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His health throughout this period continued to deteriorate. Proust spent the last three years of his life mostly confined to his bedroom, sleeping during the day and working at night to complete his novel. Proust was involved in writing and publishing from an early age. In addition to the literary magazines with which he was associated, and in which he published while at school La Revue verte and La Revue lilas , from to he published a regular society column in the journal Le Mensuel.
In Les plaisirs et les jours , a compendium of many of these early pieces, was published. The book included a foreword by Anatole France , drawings by Mme Lemaire in whose salon Proust was a frequent guest, and who inspired Proust's Mme Verdurin. This book was so sumptuously produced that it cost twice the normal price of a book its size. That year Proust also began working on a novel, which was eventually published in and titled Jean Santeuil by his posthumous editors. Many of the themes later developed in In Search of Lost Time find their first articulation in this unfinished work, including the enigma of memory and the necessity of reflection; several sections of In Search of Lost Time can be read in the first draft in Jean Santeuil.
The portrait of the parents in Jean Santeuil is quite harsh, in marked contrast to the adoration with which the parents are painted in Proust's masterpiece. Following the poor reception of Les Plaisirs et les Jours , and internal troubles with resolving the plot, Proust gradually abandoned Jean Santeuil in and stopped work on it entirely by Through this reading, he refined his theories of art and the role of the artist in society.
The artist's responsibility is to confront the appearance of nature, deduce its essence and retell or explain that essence in the work of art. Ruskin's view of artistic production was central to this conception, and Ruskin's work was so important to Proust that he claimed to know "by heart" several of Ruskin's books, including The Seven Lamps of Architecture , The Bible of Amiens , and Praeterita.
Proust set out to translate two of Ruskin's works into French, but was hampered by an imperfect command of English. To compensate for this he made his translations a group affair: sketched out by his mother, the drafts were first revised by Proust, then by Marie Nordlinger, the English cousin of his friend and sometime lover  Reynaldo Hahn , then finally polished by Proust.
Questioned about his method by an editor, Proust responded, "I don't claim to know English; I claim to know Ruskin". Both the translation and the introduction were well-reviewed; Henri Bergson called Proust's introduction "an important contribution to the psychology of Ruskin", and had similar praise for the translation.
During the first part of the year he published in various journals pastiches of other writers. These exercises in imitation may have allowed Proust to solidify his own style. In addition, in the spring and summer of the year Proust began work on several different fragments of writing that would later coalesce under the working title of Contre Sainte-Beuve. Proust described his efforts in a letter to a friend: "I have in progress: a study on the nobility, a Parisian novel, an essay on Sainte-Beuve and Flaubert , an essay on women, an essay on pederasty not easy to publish , a study on stained-glass windows, a study on tombstones, a study on the novel".
From these disparate fragments Proust began to shape a novel on which he worked continually during this period. The rough outline of the work centered on a first-person narrator, unable to sleep, who during the night remembers waiting as a child for his mother to come to him in the morning. The novel was to have ended with a critical examination of Sainte-Beuve and a refutation of his theory that biography was the most important tool for understanding an artist's work. Present in the unfinished manuscript notebooks are many elements that correspond to parts of the Recherche , in particular, to the "Combray" and "Swann in Love" sections of Volume 1, and to the final section of Volume 7.
Trouble with finding a publisher, as well as a gradually changing conception of his novel, led Proust to shift work to a substantially different project that still contained many of the same themes and elements. Graham Greene called Proust the "greatest novelist of the 20th century",  and W. Somerset Maugham called the novel the "greatest fiction to date". The first volume was refused by the publisher Gallimard on Gide's advice.
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He later wrote to Proust apologizing for his part in the refusal and calling it one of the most serious mistakes of his life. Proust died before he was able to complete his revision of the drafts and proofs of the final volumes, the last three of which were published posthumously and edited by his brother Robert. The book was translated into English by C. Scott Moncrieff , appearing under the title Remembrance of Things Past between and Scott Moncrieff translated volumes one through six of the seven volumes, dying before completing the last.
This last volume was rendered by other translators at different times. Enright the title of the novel was changed to the more literal In Search of Lost Time. In Penguin undertook a fresh translation of the book by editor Christopher Prendergast and seven translators in three countries, based on the latest, most complete and authoritative French text. Its six volumes, comprising Proust's seven, were published in Britain under the Allen Lane imprint in
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